Wisconsin River Orthopaedic Institute - Health Library
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Welcome to our health education library. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

Osteoporosis Medications: Hormones, SERMs, and CalcitoninOsteoporosis: Hormonas, SERM y Calcitonina

Osteoporosis Medications: Hormones, SERMs, and Calcitonin

Depending on your needs, your provider may prescribe more than one medication to prevent or treat osteoporosis.

Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy can ease postmenopausal symptoms. It may also be prescribed to help preserve bone density. Hormones may be in pill or skin patch form.

  Image Benefits may include:

  • Reducing bone loss

  • Increasing bone density in the hip and spine

Side effects may include:

  • Nausea

  • Breakthrough bleeding, bloating, and weight gain

  • Breast tenderness

  • High blood pressure

  • Increased risk of blood clots in the legs and of certain cancers

ImageSERMs

Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are taken as pills.

 Benefits may include:

  • Increasing bone density in the hip and spine

  • Preventing bone loss

  • Reducing risk of spinal fracture

Side effects may include:

  • Hot flashes

  • Leg cramps

  • Increased risk of blood clots in the legs

ImageCalcitonin

Calcitonin is a nasal spray and can be an alternative to the other medications. It may not be as effective and does not prevent osteoporosis.

 Benefits may include:

  • Slowing bone loss

  • Increasing bone density in the spine

Side effects may include:

  • Swelling, tenderness, or irritation inside the nose

  • Nasal congestion and runny nose

Publication Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Online Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Date Last Reviewed: 2007-01-15T00:00:00-07:00

Date Last Modified: 2004-05-03T00:00:00-06:00

Contact Wisconsin River Orthopaedic Institute at 715.424.1881 for your orthopaedic needs. For your convenience, you can fill out our online Request an Appointment form to book your consultation.

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For your orthopedic needs, contact Wisconsin River Orthopaedic Institute at 715.424.1881 . For your convenience, you can fill out our online Request an Appointment form to book your consultation. We...
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